Your vehicle is designed primarily as a passenger-and-load-carrying vehicle. Towing a trailer can have an adverse impact on handling, performance, braking, durability, and fuel consumption. For your safety and the safety of others, you must not overload your vehicle or trailer. You must also ensure that you are using appropriate towing equipment, that the towing equipment has been installed correctly and used properly, and that you employ the requisite driving habits.
Vehicle-trailer stability and braking performance are affected by trailer stability, brake performance and setting, trailer brakes, the hitch and hitch systems (if equipped).
To tow a trailer safely, use extreme care and drive the vehicle in accordance with your trailer’s characteristics and operating conditions.
Toyota warranties do not apply to damage or malfunction caused by towing a trailer for commercial purposes.
Contact your Toyota dealer for further information about additional requirements such as towing kits, etc.
Towing related terms
The maximum allowable gross combination weight. The gross combination weight is the sum of the total vehicle weight (including the occupants, cargo and any optional equipment installed on the vehicle) and the weight of the trailer being towed (including the cargo in the trailer).
The maximum allowable gross vehicle weight. The gross vehicle weight is the total weight of the vehicle. When towing a trailer, it is the sum of the vehicle weight (including the occupants, cargo and any optional equipment installed on the vehicle) and the tongue weight.
The maximum allowable gross axle weight. The gross axle weight is the load placed on each axle (front and rear).
The maximum allowable gross trailer weight. The gross trailer weight is the sum of the trailer weight and the weight of the cargo in the trailer.
TWR is calculated assuming base vehicle with one driver, one front passenger, towing package, hitch and hitch systems (if required).
Additional optional equipment, passengers and cargo in the vehicle will reduce the trailer weight rating so as not to exceed GCWR, GVWR and GAWR.
If the gross trailer weight exceeds 3000 lb. (1360 kg), it is recommended to use a trailer with 2 or more axles.
The trailer weight rating for towing a trailer without a trailer service brake system.
The load placed on the trailer hitch ball.
GCWR, TWR, Unbraked TWR, Fifth wheel and Gooseneck towing TWR
Confirm that the gross trailer weight, gross combination weight, gross vehicle weight, gross axle weight and tongue weight are all within the limits.
14400 lb. (6532 kg)
8100 lb. (3670 kg)
1000 lb. (454 kg)
*: This model meets the tow-vehicle trailering requirement of SAE International per SAE J2807.
Trailer Tongue Weight
• Tongue Weight
The gross trailer weight should be distributed so that the tongue weight is 9% to 11%. (Tongue weight /Gross trailer weight x 100 = 9% to 11%)
If using a weight distributing hitch when towing, return the front axle to the same weight as before the trailer connection.
If front axle weight cannot be measured directly, measure the front fender height above the front axle before connection.
Adjust weight distributing hitch torque until front fender is returned to the same height as before connection.
The gross trailer weight, gross axle weight and tongue weight can be measured with platform scales found at a highway weighing station, building supply company, trucking company, junk yard, etc.
Trailer hitch assemblies have different weight capacities. Toyota recommends the use of Toyota hitch/bracket for your vehicle. For details, contact your Toyota dealer.
After removing the hitch, seal any mounting hole in the vehicle body to prevent entry of any substances into the vehicle.
Removing hitch cover
Remove the clip.
Grasp the lower edge of the hitch cover and raise the cover.
When reattaching the cover, reverse the steps listed.
Selecting trailer ball
Use the correct trailer ball for your application.
Matches or exceeds the gross trailer weight rating of the trailer.
coupler. Most couplers are stamped with the required trailer ball size.
Protrudes beyond the bottom of the lock washer and nut by at least 2 threads.
Matches the ball mount hole diameter size.
Positions for towing hitch receiver
Connecting trailer lights
Use the wire harness stored in the rear end under the vehicle body.
Please consult your dealer when installing trailer lights, as incorrect installation may cause damage to the vehicle’s lights.
Please take care to comply with your state’s laws when installing trailer lights.
Trailer towing tips
Your vehicle will handle differently when towing a trailer. Help to avoid an accident, death or serious injury, keep the following in mind when towing:
Grip the bottom of the steering wheel and move your hand to the left to move the trailer to the left. Move your hand to the right to move the trailer to the right. (This is generally opposite to reversing without a trailer attached.) Avoid sharp or prolonged turning. Have someone guide you when reversing to reduce the risk of an accident.
Increasing vehicle speed can destabilize the trailer.
Apply the brakes and keep them applied.
Have someone place wheel blocks under both the vehicle’s and trailer’s wheels.
When the wheel blocks are in place, release the brakes slowly until the blocks absorb the load.
Apply the parking brake firmly.
Shift into “P” and turn off the engine.
With the transmission in “P”, start the engine. Be sure to keep the brake pedal pressed.
Shift into “D” or “R” (if reversing).
Release the parking brake and brake pedal, and slowly pull or back away from the wheel blocks. Stop and apply the brakes.
Have someone retrieve the blocks.
No matter which class of tow hitch applies, for a more safe trailer hookup, the trailer ball setup must be the proper height for the coupler on the trailer.
Check that the following conditions are met:
Do not drive if the trailer is not level, and check for improper tongue weight, overloading, worn suspension, or other possible causes.
If your vehicle is new or equipped with any new power train components (such as an engine, transmission, differential or wheel bearing), Toyota recommends that you do not tow a trailer until the vehicle has been driven for over 500 miles (800 km).
After the vehicle has been driven for over 500 miles (800 km), you can start towing. However, for the next 500 miles (800 km), drive the vehicle at a speed of less than 50 mph (80 km/h) when towing a trailer, and avoid full throttle acceleration.
One or more factors (crosswinds, passing vehicles, rough roads, etc.) can adversely affect handling of your vehicle and trailer, causing instability.
If you make no extreme correction with the steering or brakes, your vehicle and trailer should stabilize. (if enabled, Trailer Sway Control can also help to stabilize the vehicle and trailer.)
Make sure the load has not shifted.
Make sure the tongue weight is appropriate, if possible.
Make sure the vehicle is not overloaded after occupants get in.
If you cannot find any problems, the speed at which trailer swaying occurred is beyond the limit of your particular vehicle-trailer combination.
Drive at a lower speed to prevent instability. Remember that swaying of the towing vehicle-trailer increases as speed increases.
To tow a trailer safely, use extreme care and drive the vehicle in accordance with the trailer’s characteristics and operating conditions. Failure to do so could cause an accident resulting in death or serious injury. Vehicle stability and braking performance are affected by trailer stability, brake setting and performance, and the hitch. Your vehicle will handle differently when towing a trailer.
Do not exceed the trailer hitch assembly weight, gross vehicle weight, gross axle weight and trailer tongue weight capacities.
Trailer hitch assemblies have different weight capacities established by the hitch manufacturer. Even though the vehicle may be physically capable of towing a higher weight, the operator must determine the maximum weight rating of the particular hitch assembly and never exceed the maximum weight rating specified for the trailer-hitch. Exceeding the maximum weight rating set by the trailer-hitch manufacturer can cause an accident resulting in death or serious personal injuries.
Toyota recommends trailers with brakes that conform to any applicable federal and state/provincial regulations.
Use only the position recommended by your Toyota dealer. Do not install the trailer hitch on the bumper; this may cause body damage.
Do not directly splice trailer lights. Directly splicing trailer lights may damage your vehicle’s electrical system and cause a malfunction.